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LIBRARY OF

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THE

PEOCEEDINGS

OF THE OF

NEW SOUTH WALES.

VOL. IX.

FOE THE YEAK 1884.

SYDNEY:

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED FOR THE SO '^"

F. CUNNINGHAMi l46 PITT STK^^^T

ND

SOLD B\ HE SOCIETY. 1885.

CONTENTS OF VOL. IX.

PART I.

PAGE

Supplement to the Descriptive Catalogue of the Fishes of Australia.

By William Macleay, F.L.S., &c 2

On some Batrachians from Queensland. By Charles W. De Vis, M. A. 65

Occasional Notes on Plants Indigenous in the immediate neighbour- hood of Sydney. No. 6. By E. Haviland 67

Studies of the Elasmobranch Skeleton (Plates 1 and 2). By, William

A. Haswell, M.A., B.Sc 71

A Monograph of the Australian vSponges. By E. von Lendenfeld,

Ph.D. Parti 121

The Scyphomeduste of the Southern Hemisphere. Part I. By R.

VON Lexdexfeld, Ph.D. 155

Notices of new Fishes. By William Macleay, F.L.S., &c. ... 170

On the ImproveuKuits effected by the Australian Climate, Soil, and

Culture on the Merino Sheep. By P. N. Trebeck, Esq. ... 173

Notes and Exhibits - 119,178

PART II.

PAGE

Plants which have become Naturalized in New South Wales. By

W. WooLLS, Ph.D., F.L.S 185

The Australian Hydromedusse. By R. von Lendenfeld, Ph.D. ... 206

The Scyphomeduste of the Southern Hemisphere. Part II. By R.

VON Lendenfeld, Ph.D 242

On some Fossil Plants from Dubbo, N.S.W. Plate IX. By the Rev.

J. Milne Chrran, F.Gr.S 250

On the Preservation of Tender Marine Animals. By R. von Lenden- feld, Ph.D 256

On the ScyphomedusK of the Southern Hemisphere. Part III., Plates

in. and IV. By R. VON Lendenfeld, Ph.D _ 259

Note on the Developement of the Versiiridce. Plate V. By R. von

Lendenfeld, Ph.D 307

Monograph of the Australian Sponges. Part II. By R. von Lenden- feld, Ph.D 310

The Australian Hydromedusaj. Part II., Plate VI. By R. von

Lendenfeld, Ph.D 345

Revision of the Recent Rhipidoglossate and Docoglossate Mollusca of

New Zealand. By Professor F. W. Hdtton, F.G.S 354

Notes on Hybridism in the Genus Brachy chiton. By Baron F. von

Mueller, K. CM. G., F.R.S., &c 379

Notes on the Claspers of Heptanchus. Plate X. By W. A. Haswell,

M.A., B.Sc 381

New Australian Fishes in the Queensland Museum. By Charles W.

DeVls, M.A 389

The Australian Hydromedusse. Part III., Plates VII. and VIII. By

R. VON Lendenfeld, Ph.D 401

The Geographical Distribution of the Australian Scyphomedusa". By

R. VON Lendenfeld, Ph.D 421

The Digestion of Sponges Ectoderm or Entoderm ? By R. von

Lendenfeld, Ph.D 434

The Eruption in the Straits Settlements and the'Evening Glow. By

R. von Lendenfeld, Ph.D 4.39

Notes and Exhibits 254,382,442

CONTENTS. V.

PART III.

PAGB

Occasional Notes on Plants indigenous in the immediate neighbour- hood of Sydney. No. 7. By E. Hatiland 449

New Australian Fishes in the Queensland Museum. No. 2. By

Chas. W. De Vis, M.A 4.53

On a Marine Species of PhUougria. Plate XI. By Charles

Chilton, MA 463

The Australian Hydromedusa?. Part IV , Plates XII. to XVII. By

R. VON Lendenfeld, Ph D 467

On the occurrence of Flesh-spicules in Sponges. By R. von Lenden- feld, Ph.D 493

Note on the Slimy Coatings of certain Boltenias in Port Jackson. By

R. von Lendenfeld, Ph.D 495

Report on a collection of Echinodermata, from Australia. By F.

Jeffrey Bell, M.A., &c 496

Revision of the recent Lamellibranchiata of New Zealand. By

Captain F. W. Hutton.F.G.S., &c. 512

A Record of Localities of some New South Wales Zoophytes. By

Baron Sir F. von Mcller, M D., F.R.S., &c 534

New Fishes in the Queensland Museum. No. 3. By Charles W.

DeVls, M.A 537

Census of Australian Snakes, with description of two New Species.

By William Macleay, F.L.S. 548

On a New Species of Kangaroo from New Guinea. By N. de

Miklouho-Maclay. Plate XIX 569

On some peculiarities in the Brain of the Australian Aboriginal.

Plate XVIII. By N. DE MiKLOUHo-MArLAY 57S

The Australian Hydromedusre. Part V., Plates XX. to XXIX. By

R. von Lendenfeld, Ph.D 581

Muscular Tissues in Hydroid Polyps. Plate XXX By R. von Lendenfeld, Ph.D 635

VI. CONTENTS.

PART lU.—contimoed.

PAGE

Notes on the Fibres of certain Australian Hircinida;. By R. von

Lendenfeld, Ph.D 641

On the Myrtacea3 of Australia. By the Rev. W. Woolls. Ph.D.,

F.L.S., &c 643

The Marine Annelides of the order Serpulea. Some observations on their Anatomy, with the characteristics of the Australian Species. Plates XXXI. to XXXV. By William A. Haswell, M.A., B.Sc. 649

On a new Crustacean found inhabiting the tubes of Vermilia. Plates

XXXVI. and XXXVII. By William A. Haswell, M.A., B.Sc. 676

Note on the Young of Pristiophorus cirratus. By William A..

Haswell. M.A., B.Sc. 680

New Fishes in the Queensland Museum. No. 4. By Chakle.s W.

DeVls, M.A 685

Note on the Eyes of Deep Sea Fishes. By R. von Lendenfeld, Ph.D. 699

The Insects of the Maclay-Coast, New Guinea. By William

Macle.\y, F L.S., &c 700

On a Subgenus of Paramelidae (Brachymelis), from New Guinea.

Plate XXXVIII. By N. de Miklouho-Maclay 713

Descriptions of Australian Microlepidoptera. Part XI. By E.

Meyrick, B.A 721

Critical list of Mollusca from the North-west coast of Australia. By

John Brazier, C.M.Z.S., &c. 793

Synonymy of some Land Shells from New Guinea. By John

Brazier, C.M.Z.S., &c 804

The time of the Glacial Period in New Zealand. By R. von Len- denfeld, Ph.D 806

Catalogue of Papers and Works relating to the Orders Marsupialia

and Monotremata. By J. J. Fletcher, M. A., B.Sc 809

On two new Birds from the Austro-Malayan Region. By E. P.

Ramsay, F.R.S.E., F.L.S., &c 863

Notes and Exhibits 507,681, 864

PART IV.

PAGE

New Fishes in Queensland Museum, No. 5. By Charles W. De

Vis, M.A 869

Notes on the Temperature of the Sea on the East Coast of Australia.

By N. DE Miklouho-Maclay ... 887

On two new species of Macropus, from New Guinea (with Plate).

By N. DE Miklouho-Maclay 890

The Homocada of Australia and the new family Homodermidce. By

R. VON Lendenfeld, Ph.D. 896

Addenda to the Australian Hydromedusa (with Plates). By R. von

Lendenfeld, Ph.D. ... 908

Local colour-varieties of Scyphomedusie. By R. von Lendenfeld,

Ph.D 925

The Metamorphosis of Bolina Chuni (with I Plate). By R. von

Lendenfeld, Ph.D 929

Revision of the Marine Tsenioglossate and Ptenoglossate Mollusca of

New Zealand. By Captain Hutton, F.G.S., &c. 932

Suggestions as to the formation of Barrier Reefs in the Solomon

Islands. By H. B, Guppy, Surgeon, R.N., with Plate 949

Record of an undescribed Correa of New South Wales. By Baron

Sir Feed, von Mueller, K.C.M.G., F.R.S., &c. 960

On traces of Volcanic Action on the north-east of New Guinea. By

N. DE Miklouho-Maclay 963

Notes on a Beroid of Port .Jackson. By R. von Lendenfeld. Ph.D. 968

The Histology and Nervous System of Calcareous Sponges. By R.

VON Lendenfeld, Ph. D 977

Addenda to the Australian Hydromedusce, No. 2. By R. von

Lendenfeld, Ph.D 984

Note on the Flight of Insects. By R. voN Lendenfeld, Ph.D. ... 986

List of recent Shells found in clay on the Maclay Coast, New

Guinea. By John Brazier, CM. Z.S., &c 988

Revision of the Australian Ltemodipoda (with 2 Plates). By

William A. Haswell, M.A., B.Sc. 993

Revision of the Australian Isopoda (with 4 Plates). By William A.

Haswell, M. A., B.Sc 1001

VIU. CONTENTS.

PART JY .—continued.

pa(;e On a New Instance of Symbiosis. By William A. Haswell, M.A.,

B.Sc 1019

On the Pycnogonida of the Australian Coast (with 4 Plates). By

William A. Ha.swell, M. A., B.Sc. 1021

Notes on Australian Edriophthalmata (with 2 Plates). By Charles

Chilton, M.A lO.S.')

Descriptions of Australian Micro-Lepidoptera, No. XII. By E.

Meyrick, B.A 10-1.5

A Monograph of the Australian Sponges, Part 3 (with 9 Plates.) By

R. VON Lendenfeld, Ph.D 1083

Notes on the Direction of the Hair in some Kangaroos (with 1 Plate.)

By N. DE Miklouho-Maclay 1151

On Tribrachyocrimis corrwjatus from the Sandstone of New South

Wales (with 1 Plate.) By F. Ratte, Eng. Arts and Manuf. ... 1158

On the Larvfe and Larva Cases of some Australian Aphrophoridre

(with 2 Plates.) By F. Ratte, Eng. Arts and Manuf 1164

Occasional Notes on Plants indigenous in the Immediate Neighbour- hood of Sydney. By E. Haviland 1171

The Geology and Physical Geography of the State of Perak. By the

Rev. J. E. Tenison-Woods, F.G.S., F.L.S. 1175

On the Temperature of the Body of Ornithorhynchus paradoxus. By

N. DE Miklouho-Maclay 1204

Notes and Exhibits 944,1015,1169,1205

President's Address 1207

Office-Bearers and Council for 1885 1241

Title page, Contents, and Index for Vol. IX.

ERRATUM.

Page 252, line 34— instead of " reason for this, for it appears," read reason for what appears."

WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24x11, 1884.

The President, C. S. Wilkinson, Esq., F.L.S., F.G.S., in the chair.

The following gentlemen were introduced as visitoi's : E. Bedwell, Esq. ; H. Hammond, Esq. ; Dr. Bancroft, of Brisbane : Mons. Lison, of Noumea ; and Mons. L. Marin La Meslee.

MEMBERS ELECTED.

Professor T. P, Anderson Stuart, M.D., of Sydney University.

DONATIOXS.

"Science," Vol. IV., Nos. 74, 75, 76, 77, July 4tli to 25th, 1884. From the Editor.

"Journal of Conchology," Vol. IV, No. 6, April, 1884. From the Conchological Society of Great Britain and Ireland.

" Journal of Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales for 1883," Vol. XVII. From the Society.

" Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich - Koniglichen Zoologisch.

Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien," Austria. Band XXXIII,, for

1883. " Brazilische Saugethiere. Resultate von Johann Natterers

Reisen in den Jahren 1817 bis 1835. Dargestellt von August

von Pelzeln," I Vol. 8vo., 1863. From the Kaiserl. Konig. Zool.

Bot. Gesellschaft in Wien. 57

868 DONATIONS.

" Zoologischer Anzeiger." Complete set. Vols. I. to VI., 1878 to 1883. Also, Vol. VII., Nos. 157 to 167, and 173, 1^84. From the Editor.

" Mittlieilungen der Natm-forschenden Gesellscliaft in Bern," Nos. 1 and 2 for 1882, and No. 1 for 1883.

" New Guinea Bibliography." By E. 0. Eye, F.Z.S. (Pamphlet. ) From the Author.

" Proceedings and Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada." Vol. I., for 1882 and 1883. From the Society.

" Medical Press and Circular," No. 2359, July 16, 1884. From the Editor.

^'Victorian Naturalist," Vol. I., No. 8, August, 1884. From the Field Naturalist's Club, Victoria.

" Annual Report of the Registrar of Births, Deaths and Marriages, as embodied in the Statistics of Tasmania, for 1883." From R. M. Johnston, Esq., F.L.S.

" Monatliche Mittlieilungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins des Regierungsbezirks Frankfurt." Jahrg. II. Nos. 3 and 4. June and July, 1884, From the Society.

" Feuille des Jeunes Naturalistes." No. 166. August 1884. From the Editor.

" Result of Rain and River observations in New South Wales during 1882." " Sydney Observatory, History and Progress, 1882." " Spectrum and appearance of the recent Comet, 1881." By H. C. Russell. " Anniversary Address to the Royal Society, 1882." By H. C. Russell, B. A. From the Author.

"Jahreshefte des Vereins fiir vaterlandische Naturkunde in Wiirttemberg." Jahrg. 40, 1884. From the Society.

PAPERS READ,

NEW FISHES IN THE QUEENSLAND MUSEUM.

By Ciias. W. De Vis, M.A.

No. 5.

Atherinichthys puxctatus. D. 6, 1/9. A. 1/10. Lat. 35.

The height of the body is 6J, the length of the head 4|- in the total length. Orbit 3, snout neai'ly the same, interorbit 2J in the length of the head. Habit much that of a young mullet. The origin of the first dorsal is in the middle of the length, s.c. The space between the dorsals equals that between the second and the caudal. The origin of the anal is in advance of that of the second dorsal. The ventral rises between the pectoral and the first dorsal. The cleft of the mouth extends to below the anterior nostril. Teeth minute. Upper jaw the longer. Pinky yellow. The lateral band blue edged above. Scales of the upper parts edged with dots. Tip of the snout nearly black with a group of close spots behind it. A black dot on the lower edge of the base of the pectoral.

Locality, Cape York. Collected by Mr. K. Broadbent.

MUGIL CONVEXUS.

D. 4, 1/8. A. 3/10. Lat. 34. Tr. 11-12. The height of the body is 4, the length of the head 5 in the total length. Orbit 4|, snout 4, interorbit 2|, pectoral 1^ in the length of the head. No adipose eyelid. Upper profile convex, lower nearly straight. Head narrow. Snout rather pointed. No pectoral axillary scale. Maxillary exposed throughout its length. Preorbital strongly serrated behind and in front. Jaws with fine close set teeth. About 27 scales between the dorsal and the

870 NEW FISHES IN THE QUEENSLAND MUSEUM.

interorbit, the rest of the head naked. The pectoral rises rather below the angle of the operculum, the ventral below the posterior third of the pectoral. The first dorsal over the tip of the ventral. The second dorsal considerably behind the anal. The height of the caudal peduncle at its greatest is equal to its length. The free space on the chin is broadly lanceolate. Colour entirely silveiy. Operculum golden. No mai'kings.

Length, 8 inches. Locality, Card well.

The " Mangrove Mullets " of the Brisbane fishermen are M. tade Forsk and M. longimanus, Gth.

MUGIL MARGINALIS.

D. 4, 1/8. A. 3/8. Lat. 40-41. Tr. 13. The height of the body and length of the head are 4| in the total length. Orbit 3J-, snout 4^, interorbit 2| in the length of the head. Pectoral |, caudal peduncle ^2\, first dorsal spine less than 2 in the same. The adipose membrane broad fore-and-aft with a gelatinous mass on the snout and pre-operculum. Upper lip thin. Hinder nostril much nearer to the eye than to the snout. Preorbital entire in front tapering to an obtuse point, slightly armed behind. Maxillary uncovered. Mandibulaiy angle rather more than a right angle. Cleft of the mouth twice as broad as long. Fi-ee space behind the chin very broad. The opercles widely separate behind. First dorsal midway between the snout and the base of the caudal. The 11th scale corresponds with the tip of the pectoi-al and origin of the first dorsal. The twenty-third with the origin of the second dorsal. There are about 25 scales between the snout and the oi-igin of the dorsal. The pectoral is above the middle of the height, rather above the angle of the oper- culum. It has no axillary scale. Origin of ventral nearer to the pectoral than to the dorsal. Second dorsal and anal nearly on the same pai^allel. Caudal moderately forked. Second dorsal spine the longest. Head thick, obtuse ; ssales over it concentrically striated. Body with alternate clear and cloudc d lines. An obscure blue spot on the base of the j^ectoral. Dorsals and caudal with a broad dark and narrow black edge.

BY CHAKLES W. DE VIS, M.A 871

Length, 5 A inches. Locality, Brisbane.

In a younger exami)le there are differences which might mislead. The mandibulai-y angle is acute and the lower jaw much longer in proportion ; the free space much narrower, the opercles nearly meeting behind, the head is more pointed and longer than the height of the body. There is a large dark patch in the middle of the caudal, another in that of the soft dorsal and a streaky one on the spinous dorsal.

The affinities of the species seem to be with M. cejjhalotus on the one hand and J/, gelatinosus on the other.

MUGIL SPLENDENS.

D. 41 A. 3/9. Lat. 40, Tr. 12.

The height of the body is 45, the length of the head 5 in the total length. Orbit and snout 4 J, interorbit I5 in the length of the head.

No adipose eyelid, the eye in spirits covered with an opaque membrane. No teeth. Lower lip strongly ciliated. No free space under the chin. The lower end of the maxillary is visible at the angle of the mouth. The preorbital is strongly serrated on its posterior limb. Twenty-one series of scales between the snout and the first dorsal. The root of the pectoral is level with the upper angle of the operculum ; it has a moderately long axillary scale and reaches nearly to the origin of the dorsal. The dorsals rise opposite the 13th and 25th scale rows, the anal opposite the second dorsal. Elongated scale of first dorsal 5 of the first spine, that of the ventral short.

Colour golden, rather greyish on the back and yellow on the lower part of the head. The scales with shining margins. The duller centres produce longitudinal bands changing their position as the incidence of the light is altered. Pectoral with a bright yellow elongated spot across the base, above it a black spot extended on the edge of the fin.

Length, 10 inches. Locality, Card well.

872 NEW FISHES IN THE QUEENSLAND MUSEUM.

Amphisile CRISTATA. D. 3?/9. A. 14. C. 10. V. 7. P. 11.

The height of the body is 5, the length of the head l|d in the length from the snout to the base of the caudal fin. Snout one- fourth longer than the lieight of the body. The distance of the pectoral from the operculum is thi'ice the distance of the latter (i.e., its posterior edge) from the orbit. There are six vertebral shields, the sutures indistinct, simple, and five lateral shields witli no suture along the vertebral line. The operculum is veiy little broader than high. The humeral does not nearly extend to thf; base of the pectoral. There is no longitudinal groove on the head, the sharp edge of the nostral is continued to the first vertebral shield. The top of the root of the pectoral is on the u[)per third of the body. The first and second super-abdominal shields are equal in size and as high as broad. The cuirass covers two-thirds of the height of the body and is equal in height to the caudal peduncle. Profile regularly convex from the snout to the caudal. There are three radiating dorsal spines, but the tip of the cuirass being lost its appendages remain to the ascertained.

Length, 11 inches. A dry specimen picked up on the beach at Noosa and not in good condition, but the absence of serrated sutures between the plates, length of the thorax, ridged crown, <fec., are in the present state of our knowledge of these remarkable fish, suflicient to separate it from A. scutata. Linn.

Heptadecantiius brevipinnis. D. 17/15. A. 2/14.

The height of the body is less than 2, the length of the head A times in the total length. Profile of head regulai-ly subconvex, of nape gibbous. Operculum entire, preoperculum serrated, preorbital finely serrated. The pectorals reach the third scale row from the anal. The lateral line reaches the middle of the soft dorsal. Tlie first ray of the ventral elongated, filiform. Caudal forked. Colour nearly uniform greenish brown, a little clouded with darker.

BY CHARLES W. DE VIS, M.A. 873

Upper rays of })ectoral aiid soft portion of dorsal, lobes and middle rays of caudal and a few rays of spinous part of dorsal with dark brown specks.

Length, 4^ inches. Locality, Queensland Coast.

Heptadecanthus maculosus D. 17/15. A. 2/16.

The height of the body is 2 or less in the length s.c, 25 c.c. Head 4| in the total. Orbit 3, snout 4 nearly, interorbit 3, in the length of the head. The pectorals and ventrals reach neai-ly to the anus. Preopercule and preorbital finely serrated. Caudal deeply forked.

Colour, anterior two thirds of body greenish brown with lines of dark brown (blue) spots on each side. Similar spots on operculum cheeks, and chest. Posterior third of body greenish gi-ey. Spinous part of dorsal dark brown.

Length, 4 inches. Locality, Cardwell.

The proiile, especially of the head, is much lower down than in H. longicaudis. Macl.

Pomacen'trus subniger. D. 12/16. A. 2, 13. Lat. 34. Tr. 3/10. The height of the body is 2^ in the total length. Infraorbital denticulated. Dorsal spines lengthening to the fifth, the rest equal to it. Second anal spine very long and strong, as long as the breadth of the base of the caudal peduncle. Caudal sublobed. Colour murky black. Scales with some obscure pearly markings. Length, 4| inches. Locality, Cardwell.

POMACENTRUS PROSOPOTCEXIA. Blk.

Locality, Cardwell.

POMACENTRUS PROFUNDUS.

D. 12/14. A. 2/15. Lat. 28. Tr. 3/9. The height of the body is I5 in the length s.c. Preorbital with a notch in front and a hook posteriorly. One or two small teetli

874 NEW FISHES IN THE QUEENSLAND MUSEUM.

on the in£raorl)ital and one on the opercle. Preopercle sharply- toothed, the teeth larger at the angle. Profile above regular and " very convex, below deep beneath the postabdomen. Eye large, 2^ in the length of the head.

Colour uniform pale yellowish brown.

Length, 2 inches. Locality, Barrier Eeef.

POMACENTRUS APICALIS.

D. 13/14-15. A. 2/13. Lat. 26-28. Tr. 3/11.

The height of the body is 25 in the total length. Dorsal spines behind the third sub-equal in length. Second anal spine equals the third dorsal and half the length of the head nearly. Preorbital denticulations broad and flat near the angle. Caudal deeply forked, lobes slightly rounded, upper one the largest. Profile of nape elevated.

Colour uniform greenish brown. The soft dorsal narrowly and the upper lobe of the caudal broadly tipped with white.

Length, 4 1 inches. Loc, Barrier Reef.

A Pomacentrus also from the Barrier Reef, having a height of '2\ in the total length, differs from the preceding species not only in its shortened proportions but in having a black blotch between the 2nd and 4th dorsal spines. It may possibly be distinct.

Pomacentrus frenatus. D. 13/14-15. A. 2/13-14. Lat. 25. Tr. 3/8.

The height is 2| in the total length. Infraorbital denticulated without stronger teeth anterioi ly. Dorsal spines gradually length- ening posteriorly. Caudal emarginate with rounded lobes. Oper- culum with a short spinous tooth. Upper teeth with a basal lobe.

Colour ])ale yellowish green. Between the eyes two transverse lines curving strongly forward. On the cheek two straight lines from the upper part of the preopercle to the angle of the mouth and a line of spots below them. Opercle with spots, dashes, and curved streaks. Scales of the body below the lateral line each with a vertical line on the base extending to the scales above and below it. On the scales above the lateral line posteriorly, small round

BY CHARLES W. DE VIS, M.A. 875

spots extending a little on the base of the soft dorsal. Base of caudal and pectoral similarly spotted. A very obscure brown ])atch on the base of the first four dorsal rays. A dark brown axillary spot and an obscure bluish spot on the origin of the lateral line.

Length, 5 inches. Locality, Cardwell.

Glypiiidodon expansus. D. 13/13. A. 2/11. Lat. 32. Tr. 3/8.

The height of the body is rather more than ^ of the length s.c. Interorbit flat. Profile symmetrically concave above and below. Three series of scales on the cheeks. Preorbital not half the breadth of the orbit. Infraorbital narrow merging gradually into the preorbital.

Colour uniform blueish silv^ery. Fins darker. Hinder part of the dorsal and anal whitish, with the rays minutely dotted black.

Length, 2J inches. Locality, Barrier Reef.

Onar n.g. Pomacentrid^ 1

Pungent spines of the dorsal few. Dentition labroid, none of the bones of the head curved. Scales ctenoid. Lateral line resumed. Branchiostegals five.

Onar nebulosum. D. 2/17. A, 3/U. Lat. 46. Tr. 3/14.

The height of the body is 4^-, the length of the head 4 in the total length. Orbit 3 in the length of the head.

Lower lateral teeth short, stout, conical close set, canines one pair in front. Upper laterals small transversely compressed on edge of the jaw, canines, two pairs, small. The first two rays of the dorsal the shortest, pungent, the rest flexible. Lateral line ending beneath the soft dorsal on the 32nd scale and resumed below on the 36th. Lower jaw protruding and teeth exposed. Lips thin, cheeks with five rows of scales, caudal scaly at base. Dorsal a little scaly at posterior end. Brownish black, each scale with a round black spot at the base. Fins black.

876 NEW FISHES IN THE QUEENSLAND MUSEUM,

Locality, Murray Island. Collected by Mr. K. Broadbeut. This form seems a link between the Pomacentridse and Labrida^,

Chcerops albigena. D. 13/7. A. 3/10. Lat. 29. Tr. 3/8. The height of the body is less than a third, the length of the head less than a fourth of the total length. Snout and preorbital 2| in the length of the head. Scales of cheeks not imbricated, caudal truncate, no posterior canines. Violet brown, chin yellowish white ; anal with four pale longitudinal bands. A dark blotch (sometimes obsolete) on the back beneath the ninth dorsal spine. Locality, Cape York. Collected by Mr. K. Broadbent.

Chcerops olivaceus. D. 13/7. A. 3/10. Lat. 28. Tr. 3i/8^.

No posterior canine. Scales of the cheeks rudimentary in regular distant rows Preorbital !from snout to orbit) h of the length of the head. Preoperculum entire.

Colour (in spirits) olive green to rosy green on the post abdo. men, anterior portion of the base of the anal pale with 3 rose coloured bands and another along the base. A pale blotch beneath the posterior half of the soft dorsal.

Length, 2 inches. Locality, Barrier Keef (Cardwell), Cape York.

The living fish appears to be streaked with red on the abdomen and lower half of the caudal peduncle.

Chcerops concolor. D. 13/7. A. 3/10. Lat. 27. Tr. 2/8. No posterior canine. Serrature of preopercle distinct. Head longer than high, snout pointed. Preorbital high 2| in the length of the head. Scales on the cheeks not imbricate.

Colour uniform greenish brown (dry). Caudal with numerous faint brown bars near the tips. Aral with two or three pale longitudinal bands.

Length, 5^ inches. Locality, N. E. Coast.

BY CHAKLES W. DE VIS, M.A. 877

Chcerops UNIMACULATUS.

D. 13/7. A. 3/10. Lat. 27, Tr. 2/8.

No posterior canine. Serrature of preopercle rather coarse. Head much longer than high. Snout obtuse. Preorbital J- in the length of the head. Scales on the cheeks not imbricate.

Colour light brown (in spirits) with hardly appreciable broad cross bands. Fins immaculate, A bright oval spot below the end of the soft dorsal. Middle of the operculum rather bright.

In a younger example the body and preorbital are somewhat less deep ; the general colour darker, nearly black at the root of the caudal and round the oval spot and the end of the upper lobe of the caudal numerous short dark brown bars composed of spots on the rays.

Length, 4 inches. Locality, Barrier Reef.

Chcerops perpulcher. D 13/7. A. 3/10. Lat. 28. Tr, 3i/10.

No posterior canines. Preoperculum entire. Cheeks with a few embossed scales towards the limb of the preopercle. Caudal very rounded or a little produced in the middle. Canines *, the outer lower pair very long outwardly curved. The uiiddle upper long curved forwards.

Colour, recent, forehead from upper lip to nape blue crossed by narrow orange lines. Chin with blue descending lines. Between nape and dorsal dame red. Opercula with small orange spots enlarging posteriorly. A blue line across the base of the pectoral a few others above the the axil. Behind the pectoral an indistinct dark oblique band. Last ray of pectoral bright blue edged with cinnamon. Body bluish green, base of most of the scales blue. Dorsal edged with cinnamon with the free tips blue, base yellowish, above it oblique blue streaks and a blue longitudinal band. Anal bright blue at the base, pale yellow in the middle, near the margin pale blue with golden s])ots. Tail blue with broad close wavy yellowish brown bands. Teeth blue.

In spirits the colours mostly disappeai', in dry specimens almost entirely.

Length to 14 inches. Locality, Moreton Bay,

878 NEW FISHES IN THE QUEENSLAND MUSEUM,

Chcerops GRAPHICUS.

. D. 13/7. A. 3/9-10. Lat. 27-28. Tr. 3/9.

The Ii eight of the body is 3 to 3^, the length of the head 4 nearly in the total length. Orbit 5, snout less than 3, interorbit -i in the length of the head. No posterior canine. Preoperculum not serrated. Scales of the cheeks in 8 series, subimbricate. Preorbital 2^ to 3\ in the length of the head. Yellowish grey to brown with seven or eight broad black cross bands confluent in the middle or on the dorsum. In one example a distinct black spot on the lateral line opposite the 6th and 7th dorsal spine. Teeth blue. Fins immaculate.

Length to 14 inches. Locality, Queensland Coast (Cai-dwell.)

COSSYPHUS LATRO.

D. 12/9. A. 3/11. Lat. 33. Tr. 5/12.

The height of the body is Sh, the length of the head S^ in the total length. Orbit 7 preorbital 3^ in the length of the head. Ventral f of the height of the body. Both limbs of the preoper- culum naked and entire. Nine series of scales on the cheeks decreasing to four behind the orbit. Lateral teeth of lower jaw- distinct and large. Caudal rounded in the middle edge, the lobes elongated. Yentrals with the outer rays gradually elongated. The eight anterior spines of the dorsal without scales at the base, increasing in length to the 4th and 5th, then decreasing, the ninth one third longer, and together with the rest of the iin and the anal scaly at the base. The first dorsal spine stands over the middle of the pectoral.

Colour of body (dry) yellowish. The scales mai'gined with grey, and each with a dark medial streak near the tip constituting continuous lines. The eight anterior dorsal spines and webs black, A black blotch at the base of the middle caudal web, another on the base of the pectoral. Ventral streaked longitudinally with black.

Length, 20 inches. Locality, Moreton Bay.

BY CHARLES W. DE VIS, M.A. 0 / 'J

Labrichthys Guntheri. Blk.

A fish occurs ill Moreton Bay which may possibly be the one named by Dr. Bleeker, L. Guntheri. If it be so it is either variable in colouring to an unusual extent or it has suffered fi'oni a too imperfect description. Though I should prefer to think the latter alternative impossible so much doubt remains in my mind as to the identity of the fish with L. Gimtheri that T venture to give its characters.

Lat. 26.

Posterior canine very small. Cheek with four series of scales. Tubex-cles of lateral line unifurcate. Canines \ "? Caudal slightly rounded with the lobes a little produced.

Recent colour, green, in one specimen rosy green on the trunk, oil green on the back, blue green on mouth and chest, yellowisli green on the base of the caudal. Six red stripes radiate from the eye, the upper postorbital one extending on the body, above it a broader red band traversing nine cross bands which are more distinct above the longitudinal band and extend on the base of the dorsals. From the angle of the mouth a red band running beneath the pectoral to the abdomen. Base of the caudal with two oblique blotches, the hinder half golden brown with the webs stained with purple. Spinous dorsal red between the first thret; spines, with a black blotch in the centre and the base yellow. Soft dorsal mingled green and red, the red predominating postei'iorly and forming a broad margin. Anal with three red longitudinal bands and a sky-blue margin. Pectoral red with a black axillarv spot. Throat golden brown, the preopercle and opercle tinged with the same. The upper teeth consists of a pair evidently canines, the next on each side very much smaller, can only rank as the first of the diminishing series behind it.

Labrichthys cruentatus.

Lat. 27.

A posterior canine. Scales of the cheeks in four series, the

upper two the larger. Canines two above and probably four

below. Tubules of scales twice, or once dichotomous, caudal

truncate.

880 NEW FISHES IN THE QUEENSLAND MUSEUM,

Colour, recent, reddish olive with stains of crimson on the base of pectoral, and on the dorsal and anal especially along their bases. Rest of the fins green. A spot on the axil and one between the 3rd and 4th dorsal spines deep blue. Pectoral and upper lip pinky yellow.

Length, 7 inches. Locality, Moreton Bay. Collected by Captain Towneley, St. Helena.

Labriciithys sexlineatus.

A posterior canine. Scales of the cheeks in three series. Canines % Tubules of scales bifid. Caudal truncate.

Colour, (in spirit) upper half of the web between the first three dorsal spines black, an obscure dark blotch on the base of the caudal above and below, a black stripe along the back from the upper part of the orbit, two on the side converging towards the orbit and continued as one on the snout, the u[)per commencing on the caudal peduncle as black spots, the other vanishing beneath the pectoral, the fourth obscure, from the infra orbital to the base of the pectoral, the fifth from the angle of the preoperculum passes below the pectoral to the abdomen, the sixth on the chest and abdomen. Two obscure stripes on the lower side of the caudal peduncle. Dark blotches on the anterior part of the web of the soft dorsal, above them a faint narrow dark band.

Length, 4 inches. I>ocality, Barz'ier Reef.

Labrichthys rex. Lat. 26.

A posterior canine. Six rows of scales on the cheeks, two behind the orbit. Caudal subconcave, lobes a little prolonged. Canines ;.

Colour, recent, olive brown to olive grey, stained more or less with pink with six indistinct subvertical bands across the trunk. Two oblique bands converging towards the end of the caudal peduncle and a broad one across the middle of the caudal. A broad black band on the centre of the first four dorsal webs and spines. Soft dorsal pink with or without three cloudy patches at the base. Anal pink posteriorly. A greater or less pink patch on the cheek. Two dark lines from the orbit to the lips and two

BY CHARLES W. DE VIS, M.A. 881

running backwards to the edge of the opercle. A black axillary spot. A line from the angle of the mouth to the side of the chest.

In spirits variable, more or less of the pink stainings being destroyed, a little on the dorsal and anal however usually remains. In pale specimens the lower postorbital line is undulated on the opercle or both lines are continued as longitudinal bands along the back.

Length 5 inches. Locality, Moreton Bay. Collected by Captain Townley, St. Helena.

Labriciithys maculatus. Lat. 27.

A posterior canine. Scales of the cheeks in four series. Canines ;. Caudal short, truncate. Tubules of lateral line widely bifid.

Colour olive yellow. Two dark streaks from the upper lip through the eye to the edge of the operculum. A double line of black spots on the posterior half of the trunk over the lateral line. The first two dorsal webs black. Fins orange red. A faint yellow line along the middle of the anal.

Length, 4^ inches. Locality, Moretou Bay, Collected by Captain Townley, St. Helena.

Labrichthys nudigena. Lat. 27.

A posterior canine. Scales of the cheeks in one infraorbital series. Canines L Caudal subconvex. Tubules of lateral line simple. Height 4 J- in the total length.

Colour (diy) brownish grey, head and fins yellow. A. broad ill- defined dark streak down the operculum. Each scale of the upper part of the trunk with a dark vertical streak. A black blotch on the middle of the upper side of the caudal peduncle.

Length, 4^ inches. Locality, Barrier Reef. Torresia lineata. D. 13/7. A. 3/10. Lat. 27.

Height of the body 2|, length of the head 3^ in the length of the body, s.c. Orbit and snout each 4, interorbit 3^ in the length of the head.

882 NEW FISHES IN THE QUEENSLAND MUSEUM,

Four lower canines, the two laterals of the u)>per jaw minute. Upper profile tumid over the nape, the lower over the post abdo- minal region. Nape tubuliferous.

Colour yellowish brown, with numerous bluish longitudinal stripes on the trunk formed by the pearly centres of the scales. Head with four blue stripes diverging backwards over the cheeks and opercles, the lowest from the angle of the mouth to the chest. A black blotch on the dorsum extending on the base of the l)osterior third of the dorsal fin. In a second example the fish is uniform in colour except the dorsal blotch.

Length, 4 inches. Locality, Card well.

PSEUDOJULIS ZICZAC.

D. 9/12. A. 3/11. Lat. 28. Tr. 2/9.

The height of the body and length of the head each 4 in the total length. Caudal truncated. Yentrals produced beyond the oiigin of the anal. Brownish white. A broad dark band of ziczac markings (distinct when recent) from the snout below the eye to behind the soft dorsal. A salmon coloured stripe from the angle of the operculum to the abdomen. Blotches of the same on the cheeks and opercles A longitudinal band of the same near the base of the anal. Dorsals very pale salmon with a central paler band. Base of caudal orange.

Locality, Murray Island. Collected by Mr. K. Broadbent.

PSEUDOJULIS MURRAYENSIS.

D. 9/11. A. 3/11. Lat. 27. Tr. U/8.

The height of the body and length of the head are each 4 in the total length. Caudal rounded, yellowish. A broad blackish band occupies the middle of the side of the body. A dark .spot behind and before the eye and on the snout. Anal with four small bright black spots on each web. Dorsals with fainter spots more or less conflxient on the spinous portion into oblique bands.

Locality, IMurray Island. Collected by Mr. K. Broadbent.

BY CHARLES W. DE VIS, M.A. 883 ' f— .

Corns CORONATA. ' ' .r...

D. 9/11. A. 2/11. Lat. 55. O ^'^

The height of the body and length of the head each 4^ in thfe^ (L total lengtli. Caudal rounded. Anterior dor.sal spines low. Body with three or four broad faint ill-defined bands across the f*^ back, the first sometimes as though composed of large spots. This ends above in a dark spot on the anterior dorsal spines and a dibtinct baud across the base of the pectoral. A spot before and behind the eye, one on the side and another near the rays of the nape. These form together a circle of spots around the head, but are sometimes replaced by small irregularly scattered spots on the head. Under parts pink, the base of the scales bearing each a pink triangle. The dorsal bands sometimes nearly obsolete, the pectoral band and soft dorsal ocellus constant.

Locality, Murray Island. Collected by Mr. K. Broadbent.

Heteroscarus tenuiceps. D. 14/9. A. 2/12. Lat. 36. Tr. 4/8. V. 1/4. P. 14.

The height of the body is 2|, the length of the head 3 in the length, s.c. Orbit 4|, snout and interorbit each 3^ in the length of the head. Lower jaw with a median suture. Head naked, minutely rugose, pi'ofile sloping at a low angle from the dorsal and tumid over the orbit. Three series of scales on the oper- culum. Jaws equal. Preoperculum denticulated. Anterior dorsal spines not fiiamentose. Dorsal and anal sheathed at their base.

Colour, after long maceration in spirits, ferruginous with a few brown blotches. No markings discernible.

Length 2^ inches. Received from the South Australian Institute.

In a second specimen the attenuation of the head is not so pronounced. The fish is evidently very near to B. Castlenaui, Macl., but it has the normal number of anal spines, and the abnormal median suture in the lower jaw, and it lias no trace of lines upon the head. 58

.884 NEW FISHES IN THE QUEENSLAND MUSEDM,

JULIS VENTRALIS.

D. 8/13. A. 2/10. Lat. 28. Tr. 3/9.

The height of the body is 3|, the length of the head 4 in the length s.c. Orbit and interorbit each 4, snout 3 in the length of the head.

Head blue black with obscure green streaks, one above the eye to the lateral line, one from the snout touching the lower edge of the orbit and going to the base of the pectoral, the third produced from the lower edge of the body colour as a bright blue green streak to the subopercle, thence obscurely to near the angle of the mouth, where it curves down to meet its fellow of the opposite side on the chin, on which there is before it another transverse streak, from its centre a longitudinal streak runs along the median line of the belly. Between these three green lines the thorax and belly are of a copper red colour. Body green, each scale brownish at the base. Pectoral green with a broad chocolate band near its upper edge. Hinder part of spinous dorsal with a band of white- edged green spots at the base. A mesial chocolate streak extending forwards and a yellow marginal band. Anal chocolate at the base, green in the middle, yellow on the edge. Caudal yellow, lobes edged above and below with green, enclosing a reddish orange streak.

Length, 5 inches. Locality, Moreton Bay. Collectedby ]\Ir. G. Watkins, Dunwich.

Allied to J. Aneitensis.

JULICHTHYS, n.g.

Dorsal with eleven spines. A posterior canine. Scales of the thorax comparatively small. Cheeks and opercles nearly naked. Anterior canines I. Lateral line continuous.

JULICHTHYS INORNATA.

D. 11/11. A. 2/11. Lat. 28. Tr. 3/10.

The height of the body is