VOLUME 5, No. 3 (issue no. 19)

DECEMBER 1, 1988

P) PUBLIC PARKING

A Lawrence ^Convention v*\ Center^

ft t b * k

k^TVista International ^ v r

^Pittsburgh Hotel ^ ^cw Greytio^nd

ray Chamber'S! j; '-Commerce/''

Aa38(H

Gateway^ © Center \- httsburgh KDKA ) Hilton & Radio TV A t Towers Station /7

Gateway Clipper \ ^ Fleet

Sheraton Hotel V at Station, Square

Bessemer ifc, a. Court /JV

The Shops at Station Square

Station Srnjarc

mail Vma(9)l\ order \brd-9r\pl16bia\T6-be-0\

n. an exaggerated fear of buying through mail order advertising

Mailorderphobia the fear of buying “sight unseen” through mail order ads affects thousands of collectors who once used the mails with confidence.

But you won’t find it in NUMISMATIC NEWS. Because our advertisers pass a strict screening policy before they utilize our pages. To further protect the interests of our valued subscribers, we spend thousands annually in a “blind testing” program, and recognize the integrity of our advertisers with the Krause Publications’ Customer Service Award.

While the constant shadow of Mailorderphobia may lurk over others, you can rely on NUMISMATIC NEWS to provide an atmosphere that promotes a fair exchange in all your mail order transactions.

numismatic I10WS

C<*k^ Cu* COM MAKH ®

Home Of Superior Hobby Periodicals and Books

krause

publications

700 E State St , lola, Wl 54990

Estate Appraisals Coin Investments

Numismatic

Counsel

Coin Collections Bought & Sold

D.D.S. RARE COIN GRLLERY

Box 178 R D #5 136 Doe Run Rd Manheim, PA 17545

SERVICES

* Member: NUMISMATIC GUARANTY CORPORATION of AMERICA. Active "0LMEX" Computer Trader Active member COIN NET TELEX. PA.53 Complete Computerized Investor & Collector Services

fi NEW BREED OF COIN DEALER

Dr. Henry Stouffer - President David D. Stouffer - Treasurer Dennis R. Eckenrode - Vice President ANA, PAN, GENA, EAC

Hours:

Thursday & Friday 7-9 pm Saturday 10-4 pm Other hours by appointment Phone: 7 1 7 - 664 - 3747

2

Pennagluanta Aaanciatton of Numiamattata

State Charter 1984 Corporate # 777790 Federal I.D. Tax #25-7579242

Affiliated with the American Numismatic Association (C-101441) and Middle Atlantic Numismatics Association (C-130)

P.O. Box 144, Pittsburgh, PA 15230

President John Eshbach

Regional Vice-Presidents Tony Almond, Sr. Charles Culleiton Paul Haleman Robert Matylewicz

Secretary Patrick McBride

Treasurer Chester Trzcinski

Clarion Staff Richard Duncan John Eshbach James Habel, Jr.

Wayne Homren Mortimer Kadushin Ralph Mills. Jr.

Board of Governors Stan Brown Frances Delisso Sharon Ethridge 1. Margaret Piatnek

Past Presidents Samson Paguia Lauren Ecoff Donald Carlucci

Chairman-of-the-Board

Samson Paguia

Honorary Members FRank Gasparro Gilroy Roberts

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. The Adventures of J. C. Buffum, Pittsburgh Entrepeneur.

By Wayne Homren, Pittsburgh, PA

8. Dear Mi. President A Suggestion

By Donald Carlucci, Pittsburgh, PA

9. Pittsburgh ANA souvenir Medal

By Wayne Homren, Pittsburgh, PA

10. PAN Convention Scranton 1988

By Patrick McBride, McKeesport, PA

13. Tne Coldest Kopeks

By Kalph Mills, Jr., Lancaster, PA

15. 500th Meeting ot the Red Rose Coin Club - A Celebration

By Richard Duncan, Lancaster, PA

19. You, Your Coin Club and the ANA Club Rep Program

20. Sales Tax Repeal Status Report

20. From the Past

22. News and Views from Around tne Slate

Advertisers

2. D. D. S Rare Coin Gallery 2. Krause Publications

21. Lancaster Stamp & Coin Co.

23. John Paul sarosi, lnc.

24. Steinmetz Coins & Currency, me.

A Non-Profit Educational Society Founded In 1978

The Adventures of J. C. Buffum, Pittsburgh Entrepeneur

By Wayne K. Homren

Based on a talk presented to the Western Pennsylvania Numismatic Society

August 2, 1988

Joseph Curtis Buffum was a businessman who operated a successful bottling company in Pittsburgh. During the Civil War, his company issued a "copperhead" token advertising "Buffums Mineral Water". Just one variety of this Civil War Storecard token was produced, and it is estimated that 2,000 to 5,000 examples remain today1.

This article begins with an outline of the life of J. C. Buffum and the history of his company. The remainder of the paper quotes several interesting entries from Buffum’s personal diary.

DIGGING FOR HISTORY

Much information about J.C. Buffum and his company was uncovered in an archeological study performed by Pittsburgh’s Carnegie Museum of Natural History. Artifacts were recovered from four major construction sites in downtown Pittsburgh, namely PPG Place, Fifth Avenue Place, CNG Tower, and the Benedum Center for the Performing Arts. Archaeologists and their assistants worked among bulldozers and other heavy construction equipment, racing against the clock to recover and record as many artifacts as construction schedules would allow. An exhibit titled "Pieces of the Past: Archaelogy in Pittsburgh" displayed many of the artifacts which had lain undisturbed beneath the busy city streets for over a hundred years.

Many of the items recovered were found in wells and privies 16 to 45 feet below modern street level. Verna Cowin, director of the project, reported that one of the wells very likely belonged to Buffum’s bottling company. In the abandoned well were found examples of Buffum bottles spanning a forty year period, the oldest on the bottom.

JOSEPH C. BUFFUM

J. C. Buffum was born on January 22nd, 1825, in Westmoreland, New Hampshire. He studied law, medicine, and farming, and at the age of twenty-one, moved to Pittsburgh, PA with his brother Haskell. Joseph was greatly interested in medicine, and formed a Phreno-Magnetic Society, whose members studied the treatment of nervous disorders with magnetism, a very popular cure in mid-19th century America. He prepared medications for friends and relatives, but never became a physician.

1 jFuld 75], p494

4

The brothers started a beer and pop business in 1847, selling their first products from a horse-drawn wagon. While Haskell minded the business, J. C. set off in search of other pursuits. He was married in August, 1848, and returned to New Hampshire to study medicine at Dartmouth College. Just a year later news of the discovery of gold in California prompted J. C. to set out for Sacremento, CA. He had some minor success and was able to convert gold from his claim into some San Francisco real estate. In 1850 he returned to the bottling business, forming a partnership to sell soda water in San Francisco.

By 1852 he had returned to Pittsburgh to resume business with his brother Haskell. In 1854 the firm moved to 26 Market Street, where they manufactured mineral water, sarsaparilla, pop, ale, and porter. Large orders were being shipped by water and rail across the country. The firm continued to grow, acquiring and merging with several other bottling companies.

During the Civil War J.C. served as a captain. Later he was elected the Burgess of Lawrenceville. He became involved in other business enterprises including an oil refinery and a lumberyard. He died on March 8, 1904, and was buried in Homewood Cemetary. The company continued in business until 1922, making it the longest-lasting bottling enterprise in Pittsburgh.

THE DIARY

From September, 1847 through October, 1854 Joseph Buffum kept a journal, which now resides in the California State Historical Society. A copy of the diary is in the collections of The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh [Buffum 35]. It is a fascinating glimpse at mid-19th century life as seen through the eyes of an intelligent young man. The early pages of the diary describe his daily routine as a student, and his exploits as an amatuer physician. Later sections detail his arduous journey with fellow 49’ers across land to California. The remainder of this paper quotes various passages verbatim from Buffum’s diary.

SCHOOL DAYS

September 14th, 1847

I am now resolved to quit business and prepare myself for college; for which purpose I have just purchased Anthony’s Greek lessons, and Bullion’s Latin Grammar, $.75, and am about to commence Cicero’s Orations under instruction of Mr. Bradley of Allegheny City, a graduate of Yale College. I am now determined to value

time as it passes and improve it I will now keep a dayly (sic) record of my time and progress and am

determined that a day shall not pass without my doing some good not only to myself but to my fellow man.

October 17th, 1847

Still attended school; got along very well; attended some little to my business. Still practicing Magnetism; received a coat of Mr. Ramalege for restoring his daughter from the St. Vitus Dance; magnetized a good

many I have magnetized a Miss Elisa Foyt several times she was very much troubled with the head ache but

is now well of it.

October 31st, 1847

Raymond & Warrings Menagherie arrived in town today and made a very good display The roman chariot is a splendid affair. It is covered with gilt embossed figures as large as life; a great number of carriages. I think I will go to see it. They have Boa constrictors and an anaconda, a buffalo, one verry (sic) large elephant. Herr Dreirbruck is with them.

5

GOING WEST

As romantic as the notion sounds, most 49’ers did not just "up and go" at the first word of the gold discoveries. Today any one of us could step on an airplane and set foot in California by the end of the day. It wasn’t so easy in 1849. The trip across country was long, very hard, and often extremely dangerous. Rather than go it alone, groups of travellers banded together to form companies. Together the company would purchase and share supplies, often shipping tools and other items by sea to be picked up when the company reached its destination. Note that in 1849 California wasn’t yet part of the Union; Buffum refers to his fellow travelers as "emigrants."

January 20, 1849

Met with the California A. T. & M. Co. at the Dartmouth Hotel. They have already met twice but have not yet formed a company. But they having obtained the requisite number 25. I was elected one of the Directors of the Company. I had for a long time felt the influence of the tide of enterprise setting towards Cal. and the flattering prospects in that section of our country. I devoted all the time I could spare from my recitations to informing myself on the state of the country, its productions, mineral wealth, etc, but had not yet met with a proper opportunity to go. It seemed to me that a company of this kind would meet my wishes exactly Therefore my wife being willing I joined this company.... The bonds to be given a week from tonight. The principal subject of discussion is how we shall raise a sufficient fund to procure provisions and ship them via Cape Horn.

March 5, 1849

Arrived at St. Louis found a place of more importance than I had supposed it to be; is improving rapidly. Behind it are beautiful rolling praries.

Independence, Missouri, was the embarkation point for many 49’ers. Putting the comforts of civilization behind them, they set out on their journey through the wilderness. As the following journal entries show, Buffum and his fellow travelers had to deal with Indians, wildlife, severe weather, disease, and accidents.

April 4th, 1849

Arrived at Independence found it thronged with emigrants. Proceeded to camp with Capt. Allen’s party from Pittsburgh and camped some 2 miles back of the town.

... we made preparation to leave by way of Santa fe but abondoning that project for the want of sufficient number to awe the bold Camanches.

... Mr. Robert Baird and myself took lodgings at Capt. Staples and made an arrangement to go in company with 2 of his sons who were going out with 2 good 6 mule teams and plenty of provisions. Here we fared exceedingly well in a log cabin sleeping in the same room with the Proprietor and his lady and with others. This is frontier life.

We arrived ourselves of an opportunity to be present at a slave wedding which was altogether a nice affair.

May 1st, 1849

Cholera had already broken out here among the emigrants. Having completed our outfit we bid adieu to civilization and "rolled" out of town at 2 P.M.

May 3rd, 1849

When I arose this morning I discovered a prarie rattlesnake coiled beneath the blanket under my head where I suppose he had rested very comfortably but I soon put an end to his snakish career by separating his head to far from his body.

May 16th, 1849

Passed Rock Creek. We are passing over a very roling country. Came to Big Blue passed 2 graves one a

6

young man killed by the accidental discharge of his gun in the waggon.

May 17th, 1849

Some 3 miles further on we passed the junction of the St. Joseph road with this. This road was also swarming with emigrants. Some large trains with families some for Cal. and others for Oregon. The road is covered wi waggons as far as the sight extends with their white tops presents to the spectator a truly imposing spectacle.

May 19th, 1849

Today we passed over a very level portion... Every bone or horn by the way side is endorsed with numerous individuals and companies names who have proceeded us, together with the date of passing. Papers are stuck up upon sticks recording unfortunate circumstance encounters with Indians and cautionary devices.

May 20th, 1849

We here refreshed ourselves with a bathing; a thing very essential to health on the journey and very delightful after travelling long in the dust.

May 24th, 1849

A severe thunder storm came on from the east about nightfall and continued till midnight. Such lightning as we had I never before witnessed. It seemed as if everything in camp was wrapt in a sheet of flame and Nature groaned with awful and continued thunder. The display of electricity on the plains is grand and sublime beyond conception. The guards were driven in by the storm and the water increased to 3 inches depth in our tents and we crowded into the waggons and slept across bales and boxes for the night.

June 21st, 1849

2 of our animals sick from poison water or grass. Gave them salt and bled them in the mouth. ...

Buffalo chips are still our principal fire wood.

By the fall of 1849 Buffum and his party reached their destination. Buffum’s journal entries become shorter and more infrequent. Apparently the mining work kept him pretty busy.

October, 1849

Bought a claim for $200 and employed help at $16 per day or one ounce.

November 1 1th, 1849

We made a dividend of our dust concealed some of our tools in the earth beside a log, tied up our tent with the culinary vessels in it; took our blankets upon our backs and left the canyon.

Joseph C. Buffum was a true pioneer in every sense of the word. As a student he worked very hard, following his curiosities wherever they took him. The scope of his studies would be unheard of today, including farming, law, and medicine. As a very young man he founded a medical society and started his own business.

His curiosity and entrepeneurial nature led him to California in search of gold. The diary he kept chronicles the arduous journey undertaken by so many pioneers as they expanded our nation westward. His experience prepared him well for success in the business that would make his fortune. While J. C. Buffum is known to numismatists for his tokens and bottling enterprise, he should be equally well known for his diary’s contribution to the written history of one of the most pivotal events in the history of this country.

7

References

[Buffum 35]

[Cable 78]

[Cowin 88]

[Fuld 75]

[Pieces 87]

Joseph C. Buffum.

The Diary of Jos. C. Buffum, Pittsburgh, PA.

Privately Published by Dr. Edf. Buffum, Fair Oaks, CA, 1935.

The original diary is in the California State Historical Society. A copy is in Pittsburgh’s Carnegie Library. The actual publication date is unknown, but was probably around 1935.

Chip Cable and Walter Murray.

Joseph C. Buffum: Pittsburgh Manufacturer & Bottler Pioneer.

The Chapped Lip 1(11), September, 1978.

Bottle Club journal.

Verna Cowin, PhD.

Pieces of the Past: Archaeology in Pittsburgh.

1988.

Lecture given 6/7/88 PPG Place, Pittsburgh, PA.

George and Melvin Fuld.

U.S. Civil War Store Cards.

Quarterman Publications, Inc., Lawrence, MA, 1975.

Verna Cowin, PhD.

Pieces of the Past.

The Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, PA, 1987.

Museum Exhibit 3/87 to 6/88.

ottbottuhs HOUSE

\Vr *K*UfACT

^ AilDHOTTUKS OF

S 0 DA-WATER S SYRUPS-ALES

■1# Ift * +* RA8KCT |T

' MW w 1 m 1 U It 1 1 1 ' j Vi

s< <>*< n

cnriXTran nnmxt'va.

b s s: a: a r.

A SPECIALITY.

¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥¥*

Dear Mr. President: - A Suggestion

PAN Past President Donald Carlucci sent a letter to President Reagan suggesting a qualified medalic artist or coin designer be appointed to the National Fine Arts Commission. The suggestion has merit for it would provide the Commission with the knowledge and expertise necessary to evaluate proposed designs and application to this highly specialized and technical art form, thus eliminating poor or unworkable coin designs. You are encouraged to write the president and your congressional representatives on this issue.

PITTSBURGH A.N.A. SOUVENIR TOKENS NOW SCARCE

Unique Lead Trial Strike to be Auctioned

by Wayne Homren

Souvenir tokens announcing the 1989 Pittsburgh A.N.A. Convention are now a very scarce item, according to Show Chairman Sam Deep. Although 2,500 tokens were struck, all were given away at the "Future Conventions" table at the Cincinnati A.N.A. Convention in July. The tokens advertise the show dates of next year’s annual convention, to be held August 9-13 in Pittsburgh, PA.

The obverse of the token depicts a triangle, symbolizing downtown Pittsburgh's triangular shape. The city lies between two rivers, the Allegheny and Monongahela, which meet to form the mighty Ohio. The city’s business district is nicknamed the "Golden Triangle." The apex of the triangle is called simply, "the Point".

Capitalizing on this theme, the convention committee decided to use the phrase "Get to the Point" as a rallying cry for the Pittsburgh show. The phrase was used on the token and will be used in convention advertisements throughout the year.

The souvenir token was struck by the Green Duck corporation of Hernando, Mississippi. The Von Senden company acted as local agent for the committee. Both companies went to extra lengths to ensure that the tokens would be available in time for the Cincinnati convention. Deep recalled his anxiety waiting for the "opening bell" in Cincinnati: "the tokens weren’t ready yet when I left Pittsburgh; I was assured that they would be sent directly to my hotel in time for the show."

While other Pittsburgh committee members readied themselves for the crowds minutes before the show was to open, Deep was pacing the hotel lobby. The tokens still hadn’t arrived. Like a White Knight to the rescue, an overnight courier truck arrived with the package just minutes after the opening bell. Sam rushed to the bourse floor and within minutes the Pittsburgh committee members were handing the tokens to conventioneers entering the bourse hall.

"We poured a pile of them on the table, like gold doubloons. They were a big hit. People kept asking for seconds and thirds for their children," said Deep. PAN members Pat McBride, Rodger Hershey, and Wayne Homren were among the first to get their copies of the token. Rodger found one off-center piece, and Wayne found another. Later in the day former ANACS authenticator Tom DeLorey stopped by to look for errors, too, but apparently none were left.

The tokens were distributed liberally the first couple days of the convention, but soon supplies ran short. On Friday morning, the remaining tokens were found stacked in a neat triangular pile, courtesy of some YN’s led by Sam’s son, David Deep. "We were a little more cautious with our handouts after that. We hated to spoil the nice design."

By Saturday morning, the tokens were gone. Soon the committee realized, a little too late, that they’d forgotten to hold back a supply for the folks back home. Some of the committee members who didn’t make the convention, never got a copy of the medal. Richard Buckley, who originally conceived the design, had to resort to purchasing one at a local club auction for $5.00. "Everybody thought it was funny, so they bid me up,” joked Buckley.

The tokens are made of gold-colored anodized aluminum, diameter 1 1/4 inches. The obverse of the token states "Get to the Point” within a triangle. Surrounding that design is the legend "Pittsburgh’s Golden Triangle". The reverse inscription is: American / Numismatic / Association / 98th Anniversary / Convention / August 9-13, 1989 / Pittsburgh, PA. Convention-goers might recognize this design as the front and back of the gold-colored T-shirts worn by Pittsburgh committee members.

One special piece was held back: a lead trial strike. Only one such piece was made. This unique token exhibits a beautiful toning on both sides. To raise funds to offset the costs of making the tokens, the trial strike will be auctioned off at the first Pittsburgh organizing committee meeting of 1989. Mail bids must be postmarked by December 31st, 1988. Send your bids to:

Lead Souvenir Token Auction 98th ANA Anniversary Convention 1810 Antietam St.

Pittsburgh, PA 15206

***********

PA ASSOC, of NUMISMATISTS CONVENTION

The Tenth Annual PAN Convention was well attended on the weekend of August 13 and 14. The Hilton Inn in Scranton, PA provided the setting for a 60 table bourse and steady crowd for the two day event .

A top quality slate of educational programs were co-ordinated by Wayne Homren. The 1811 restrike half cent was the highlight of the Early American Coppers meeting presented by Dr . Ernest Montgomery (pictured at left above). A detailed history was given by Dr. Montgomery, along with the display of his own specimen of' this true numismatic rarity.

The Numismatic Bibliomania Society meeting was hosted by John H. Burns (pictured at right above). The program consisted of a slide presentation of the most extensive collection of rare numismatic

10

books in private hands in the United States. Mr. Armand Champa gra- ciously allowed us to use his only slide set of his incredible library for the meeting. For those that have that first edition red- bookget ready to be humbled. How about a set of Chapman catalogues or. S. Crosby's "Early Coins of America" or countless volumes of B. Max Mehl or Thian ' s "Register of Confederate Debt."

The John Reich Collectors Meeting was hosted by Mr. Jules Reiver. The topic was "Engravers Errors on Early U.S. Coins." This program consisted of Mr. Reiver's slides that gave the viewer an in depth look into the mistakes and sometimes clever solutions to hiding them by mint engravers of the past. The knowledge that was shared gave those in attendance a valuable edge in the pursuit of rarities that are still out there for those that are willing to learn.

"Coins of the Bible" by Charles Culleiton gave the audience a look at ancient times through the different coinage used. The incredible part is that the average collector can own a piece of history without a large budget to spend.

The Pennsylvania Token Collectors Organization (PATCO) held a Swap Meet that drew collectors from over a broad area of the state. This is a growing field that is increasing in popularity. For those that enjoy treading in uncharted waters, tokens are the place to be.

Saturday evening the Scranton Coin Club provided the setting for the Annual Banquet Key speaker was ANA President Stephen Taylor

ih^CflMaed a^ove)- He 9ave those present a look at what the future of n A by stressing a halt to declining membership and turning it round along with a balanced budget at the end of his term. Steve

n^oHSSefhthatK the ANA 1S f°r the collector and is there to serve his ds through its extensive library, seminars, grading service museum, conventions, etc. y vice,

Defending ch^piQns Gf the annual Numismatic Trivia to be dominated by the Western PAN Region anchored

Contest continues by John Burns.

11

Exhibit Awards were presented during the banquet by Dick Duncan, Exhibit Chairman. The winners were: 1st. Dick Duncan (above right) for "Goldern Indians", 2nd. Ray Rennick (above 3rd from right) for "U.S. Fractional Currency", 3rd. Charles Culleiton (.2nd from right) for "World Trade Dollars", 4th Patrick McBride (above left) for "Militart Payment Certificates." Junior winner was Dorothy Stutzman (above center)' for "Encased Cents." The Peoples Choice Award, sponsored by CPNA, went to Charles Culleiton.

The Frank Gasparro Award went to a most deserving person by the name of John Eshbach. His work in and for the betterment of the hobby goes without question by those who know him. The Gilroy Roberts Literary Award recipient this year was Wayne Homren (above right). His contributions of articles for the Clarion and other numismatic publications were many.

12

Philadelphia coin dealer Harry Forman again showed his generosity to the PAN organization by donating medals engraved by Frank Gasparro for a benefit auction. They were accompanied by handwritten letters from Mr. Gasparro discribing each medal. The prices realized were in excess of five hundred dollars.

Mr. Richard Cross, of Scranton, donated for auction a one of a kind set of the PAN Tenth Anniversary Medal. It included one gold, one silver, one bronze and a lead trial strike. This set was auctioned for $650. Rich was also Bourse Chairman for this years coin show. We all salute his efforts on behalf of our association.

Pictured above are the officers for the 1989 term. From left Treasurer Chester Trzcinski; Regional Vise Presidents Don Hastie (North East), John Burns (West), Tony Almond (South East); Rusty Baily (South Central- not pictured); President Robert Matylewicz; PAN Board Chairman Donald Carlucci; Secretary Patrick McBride; Governor Richard Duncan and Charles Culleiton. Recording Secretary Corleen Chesonis not pictured.

(Text by Patrick McBride, pictures supplied by Ray Rennick)

*****¥¥¥¥**

THE COLDEST KOPEKS

By Ralph Mills, Jr.

When we think of living where it's cold we think of places like Nome, Alaska or Moscow, Russia. Indeed, International Falls, Minnesota is infamous for its cold weather. The local supermarket reportedly invites people to step inside their ice cream delivery truck to "warm up." The islands of Greenland and Iceland bring to mind more visions of cold lands .

But , I am thinking of colder lands than those , colder even than Russian Siberia. Colder than the northernmost point in Europe.... Norway's North Cape which is 300 miles north of the Artie Circle. Lying midway between North Cape, Norway and the North Pole is the land known as the cold coast", the land of the coldest kopecks", Svalbord (also known as Spitsbergen).

13

Svalbord lies between Latitude 74° - 81 °N and Longitude 10° - 35°E. Second by a few scant minutes, not degrees, to Franz Josef Land it is the most northerly land of the Eastern hemisphere. Its average tem- perature ranges from -22° to only +7°C, that's from -8°F to about 45°F (only 13 degrees above freezing). Brrr!

The Vikings discovered and explored the islands in the 12 century. There are nine principle islands in the group. Spitsbergen (possible translation "biting 'cold' harbor"), Kvitoya (White Island), Edgeoya (Edge Island), Barentsoya (Barents Island), Bjornoya (Bear Island), Nordaustlandet (North East Land), Prinz Karls Forland (Prince Charles Foreland), Kong Karis Land (Kong Charles Land), and Hopen.

The islands were rediscovered by Willem Brents in 1596. Henry Hudson reported good whaling there in 1607 and after considerable bickering the Dutch and English reached agreement over whaling rights to the islands in 1618. Just about this same time the Danes claimed the islands as part of Greenland.

In the early 20th century coal deposits were discovered on the islands. Despite diverse interests and claims to the islands by British, Dutch, Norwegians, Swedes, Danes, Russians, and Americans, a tready signed in Paris in 1920 awarded Svalbord (Spitsbergen) to Norway .

To quote the treaty ..."International rights of access and economic exploitation were agreed but use for warlike purposes and the construction of fortifications was expressly forbidden."

Coal mining was started on a commercial scale in 1 904 by the Artie Coal Company of Boston, Massachusetts. In 1932, the Russian mining company "Arktikugol" began operations in the islands. The token referred to as "the coldest kopecks" were minted in Leningrad for use by the company in Spitsbergen.

The total mintage of each is unkown but the tokens are relatively scarce and are rarely seen offered on today's market. In twenty years of actively collecting my birth date I have only seen these tokens offered five or six times and only twice as a complete set. The tokens were issued in four denominations all dated 1946. Ten, fifteen, twenty and fifty kopeks. The ten and fifteen kopek tokens are made of Aluminum-Bronze alloy while the higher denominations are of the Copper-Nickel variety. Since 100 kopeks equalled one rouble and the rouble was worth nineteen cents in 1946 the spending power of these tokens was not overwhelming. Ten kopeks was barely getting your proverbial two cents worth. However, there probably wasn't very mush to spend them on living and working in Spitsbergen.

During World War II in 1941 the entire population was evacuated by the Allied forces and mines were set fire to prevent their falling into enemy hands. A German garrison sent there was expelled in 1942 §C“pi-e^'Sp, ii Norwegian force and a subsequent German raid in 194 3 c6mpleted the destruction of the mines and accompanying housing.

14

In 1944, Russia sought to revise the tready but Norway refused, hence Russia still refuses to recognize Norway's fisheries protection zone around Svalbord.

Today, coal is the islands main product. Asbestos, copper, gypsum, iron, marble, mica, zinc, and phosphate deposites have also been identified .

There are two Norwegian and two Russian mining camps in operation. The tffihalepopulation in January, 1 988 was 3,932 , of whom 1,387 were Norwegian, 2,535 were in the Soviet settlements, and 10 were at the Polish research station. Longyear City (appropriately named) on Spitsbergen is the seat of government in this land of the Midnight Sun. The Svalbord budget was 73m kroner of which 41.5m kroner was direct subsidy from Norway. (U.S. $1.00 = 6.93 kroner) ( Krone =

$0.1444) as reported in the Wall Street Journal August 9, 1988.

The USSR currently maintains a helicopter station and mobile radar base adjoining its coal mining settlement at Brentsburg, on Spitsbergen .

The Norwegian state-owned coal company, Store Norske Spitsbergen Kulkompagni, directly employs 60% of the Norwegian population in Svalbord. Besides operating the coal mines it runs many of the local services and provides most of the local amenities. In 1986 it was estimated to be losing about 100m kroner a year.

The North Atlantic Drift washes the west coast of the islands and makes navigation possible for more than half the year. 130 species of vegetation flourish along the coast and tundra. Waterfowl abound but land animals are nearly extinct. Raindeer, polor bear, arctic hare, blue and white fox are now protected species.

Spitebergen is indeed a part of the "Land of the Midnight Sun" but I have no intentions of basking in that cold clime or spending my cold cash (correction) my "coldest kopecks" there.

References

The Europe Yearbook 1988, Volume II 1988, p. 2059

Columbia Lippincott Gazetteer of the World, Leon Seltzer, Ed. 1952. Standard Catalog of World Coins, 1980 edition by Chester L. Krause and Clifford Mishler 6th edition, Krause Publications p. 1584.

***********

500th MEETING FOR RED ROSE COIN CLUB

Lancaster's Red Rose Coin Club celebrated its 500th meeting on October 20, 1988, and there to speak and offer his congratulations was Steve Taylor, President of the American Numismatic Association.

Founded in 1958, the club is also marking its 30th year in 1988.

The club holds meetings on the first Monday of every month, as well as the third Thursday -- although the Thursday night meetings are not held in the summer or in November (replaced by their annual ban- quet) and December. Thus, they have 19 meetings every year. Thurs- day meetings usually have less attendance - but not so on October 20!

15

Mr. Taylor, who had recently com- pleted a trip to England , noted his heavy travel schedule during his remarks. In fact, the following morning, he was flying to Colorado Springs for an ANA meeting. After speaking , Mr . Taylor was presented a paperweight memento from the club. Below are Club Pres. Sam Nolt (center) and Red Rose member Mort Kadushin (left) with Taylor.

Special attractions at the 500th meeting included an elegant cake (pictured here), appropriately dec- orated with dozens of red roses (symbol of the club and Lancaster). Every member also received an elongated cent, showing the club's name and symbol, the date and the heading, "500th meeting."

The club is also known for its very strong membership illustrated by the 110 people who attended that special night - some of whom are pictured below.

At each regular meeting, Red Rose gives out one or two door prizes (such as proof sets) , but on this occasion, they also gave out 30 more --marble paperweights on which is a club medal commemorating the day when Lancaster was the nation- al capital (Sept. 27, 1777).

During its 30 years, the club has had a total of 18 Presidents (two of whom are now deceased). At the Oct. 20 meeting, 12 of those past Presidents were on hand to aid the festivities. Two of these, John Eshbach and Dick Duncan (who, inci- dentally, served four terms apiece) set up a display of memorabilia and medals from the club ' s h i story .

Red Rose Coin Club has issued com- momorative medals in bronze and pure silver (.999 Fine) every year since 1966 - recognizing important local people, buildings and events. In fact, the club won a top national award for their medal issues in 1978, from The Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge.

This year's medal issue, recogniz- ing the 50th anniversary of Lanc- aster's J.P.McCaskey High School, was very popular. There were 200 silver and 500 bronze medals pro- duced, all of which were snapped up by club members and the public within a month of their delivery.

$110 for One Medal!

Each silver medal is serially num- bered on the edge -- and many mem- bers are eager to get their same medal number each year (often matching their club membership number). At the 500th meeting, the club auctioned off silver medal Number 1. Bidding began slowly, but it became spirited as those in attendance realized this was the last 1988 medal to be available (plus being #l),and the final winning bidder got his "prize" for a bid of $110.

Another Memento

Besides receiving the elongated cent -- recognizing their 500th meeting Red Rose Coin Club members received another nice me- mento this fall. An encased cent was issued, framed with aluminum, on which is inscribed, "30 Years of Numismatics, 1958 - 1988" on one side, and the club's name and location (Lancaster, Pa.) on the other side. The encased cent was produced with both 1958 and 1988 cents for members of the club. A small additional number - with the 1988 date - was also produced for the public, or for members who might want another encased cent.

The club produced a history book after 10 years, and again after 20 years. Another is now in planning.

Pictured here conducting the 500th meeting is 1988 President Sam Nolt (standing) and, from left to right, Frank Mellinger, Membership Chair- man; Jim Hebei, Secretary; and Ralph Mills, Treasurer.

Secrets of Success

This club is known as one of the more successful ones around per- haps in the whole country! What makes it successful? Past-Pres.

Dick Duncan discussed the club's "secrets of success" at the 1988 national ANA Convention in Cincinn- ati (July 19-23). He noted that Red Rose tries to have something for everyone -- which means the business meetings are short, fol- lowed by an interesting educational program (but limited to 20 to 30 minutes), and concluding with an auction of numismatic materials. Below, conducting the Oct. 20 auc- tion are Paul Haleman and Mel Sangrey .

17

Junior Member activities are also a part of Red Rose Coin Club ac- tivities — although the club ad- mits it does not have all the an- swers to building junior membership.

Junior talks are a regular part of Red Rose meetings. A Junior is given a coin (usually a foreign one) which he (or she) researches/ draws a picture of it/ and then/ at a meeting/ speaks about that coin for a couple of minutes. (He can then keep the coin.) Pictured here is Junior Member Jon Hebei (right), giving such a talk at the October 20 meeting, as his father, Jim Hebei (Club Secretary) holds Jon's picture of the coin.

Big Award Winner

Jon Hebei has also been active in several other respects as a Junior Member including the regular exhibiting of numismatic materials at club shows sponsored by Red Rose and other organiza- tions. He has won several exhibit awards due to these activities.

Undoubtedly, Jon's most impress- ive recognition came in mid-Octo- ber at the show of the Middle At- lantic Numismatic Association.

At the MANA Awards Breakfast on Sunday, October 16, 1988, the

winner of "The Middle Atlantic's Most Outstanding Young Numismatist" award proved to be Jonathan S. Hebei. He's shown holding his MANA award plaque, below, at Red Rose's 500th meeting on October 20.

Here, also, is a close-up of Jon's award plaque from MANA, which he accepted in Wilmington last month.

18

YOU, YOUR COIN CLUB AND THE AMERICAN NUMISMATIC ASSOCIATION

The District Representation Program initiated by the ANA many years ago is cur- rently being revised. This effort is being championed by Ralph Langham, of New Fairfield, Conn. The object of his effort is to make the DR program more reflec- tive of member concerns.

Presently Langham is the national coordinator for the program, a pyramid of representation. He feels that by starting at the very roots of the hobby, the ANA will remain a strong and responsive organization.

At the bottom of the pyramid are the 850 ANA member coin clubs. They appoint, elect or take volunteers for the post of club rep to the ANA. The club repre- sentative then work through district delegates who, in turn, work with regional coordinators and, ultimately, LANGHAM. It is then part of Langham' s job to act as liaison to ANA headquarters in Colorado Springs.

He has set four major goals for the program: communications, unity, pride and ethics. More "upward reporting," Langham has stressed, is* necessary for him to act on issues that confront coin clubs and their members. He can only fight a problem with which he is familiar. Presently, the vehicle of communication between the pyramid and the coin clubs takes the form of a news letter about every two months. Its focus is not the hobby in general, but rather the hobby at the local level. Past issues have contained a letter column, book reviews, request forms for slide programs and opinion polls.

Unity among clubs, Langham feels, can add substantial strenght to the program. Clubs facing similar problems may find common solutions. Such unity will lead to pride in the ANA and ultimately, "put the fun" back in numismatics.

A Senior Advisory Committee has been created to assist the new ANA club DR program. The responsibilities of this committee is to consult with or actively participate in the development of strategies to strengthen and provide continuity not only for this program but for all ANA coin clubs. Members appointed no the committee and areas of responsibilities are: Walter Breen, ethics (the program's theme for 1989); Rodger Bryan, professional numismatist involvement; Robert Charters bereavement and consolation; Dr. Bob Colby, fiscal solvency; Robert Dempsev, senior citizen opportunities; Larry Gentile, Sr., young numismatists; Charles Richards, 1891 Club; and Julius Turoff, exhibit programs.

To successfully implement this ambitious program it was necessary to divide the country into 12 regions. Pennsylvania, along with New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia comprise Region 2. The coordinator for this region is Willard R. Mumford, 987 Sherwood Forest, Annapolis, MD 21401. Presently, there are only five district delegates for Pennsylvania. John H. Burns, 96 LaMont Dr., N. Huntington, PA 15642; Sam Deep, 1920 Woodside Road,Glenshaw, PA 15116; Samuel Seibert, Box 506, Elizabethtown, PA 17022; Gerald Kochel, 14 W. Ornge St., Lititz,